Company MIE 305 Test 2

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Home Furnishings Company (HFC) markets its products nationwide. When making a decision, HFC must take into account the needs of... a. employees only. b. owners and shareholders only. c. society, consumers, and the community only. d. all of the above.
D - all of the above
Dona, an accountant for Excel Trends, Inc., attempts to apply the duty ap­proach to ethical reasoning in conflicts that occur on the job. This approach is based on the idea that a person must... avoid unethical behavior regardless of the consequences.
Transactional Corporation suggests that its employees apply the “categori­cal imperative” to ethical issues that arise at work. Under this standard, employees... weigh the consequences that would follow if everyone took the same action.
Bob, research manager for Agri-Products, Inc., ap­plies utilitarian ethics to determine that an action is morally cor­rect when it produces... the greatest good for the most people
Holly, a lawyer on the staff of International Group, applies the utilitarian theory of ethics in business contexts. Utilitarianism focuses on... the consequences of an action.
Owen Is An Attorney. Paula Is A Certified Public Accountant. These Pro­fes­sionals Are Subject To Standards Of Conduct Established By... Codes Of Professional Ethics, Court Decisions, And State Statutes.
International Marketing Corporation’s side payments to government offi­cials in exchange for favorable business contracts in foreign countries are considered, in the United States, illegal and unethical.
American Business Coalition (ABC), a political lobbying group, wants a certain policy enacted into law. If ABC’s policy conflicts with the U.S. Constitution, a law embodying it can be passed by ... a. any state legislature and Congress. b. any state legislature but not Congress. c. Congress but not any state legislature. d. none of the above.
Answer: D
The Constitution sets out the authority and the limits of the branches of the government. The term checks and balances means that each branch of government may exercise the authority of the other branches.
Wisconsin, like other states, may regulate private activities to protect or promote the public order, health, safety, and general welfare under its police powers
Ohio enacts a transportation statute that impinges on interstate commerce. This statute will be balanced in terms of Ohio’s interest in regulating a certain matter against the burden placed on interstate commerce.
When there is a direct conflict between a decision by a federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administrator on a matter that comes within the EPA’s jurisdiction and a Hawaii state law the EPA’s decision takes precedence.
A New Hampshire state law that directly conflicts with a federal law is invalid under the supremacy clause.
Mike, an advocate of a certain religion, publishes an article in New Times magazine insisting that Congress base all federal law on his religion’s principles. The First Amendment guarantees Mike’s freedom of religion, speech, and the press.
The Bill of Rights embodies protection for Carol and other individuals against various types of interference by the federal government.
A Tennessee state statute imposes a certain restriction on commercial speech. A court would likely hold this statute to be valid if it a. attempts to implement a substantial government interest. b. directly advances a substantial government interest. c. goes no further than necessary to accomplish its objective. d. all of the above.
Answer: D
The requirement that no person be deprived of “life, liberty, or property without due process of law” is found in the Fifth Amendment and the Fourteenth Amendment.
Owen claims that a Pennsylvania state statute infringes on his “substantive due process” rights. This claim focuses on the content of the statute.
A Rhode Island state statute imposes a prison term, without a trial, on all street vendors who operate in certain areas. A court would likely hold this statute to be unconstitutional under the due process clause.
Most federal administrative agencies, like the Food and Drug Administra­tion, are usually created following the passage of enabling legislation by Congress.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration utilizes notice-and-comment rulemaking. This process begins with the publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking.
The National Transportation Safety Administration uses notice-and-comment rulemak­ing. This includes notice, a comment period, and publica­tion of the final rule.
To notify the public of a proposed rule, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, like other federal agencies, publishes it in the Federal Register.
The Consumer Product Safety Commission issues a rule. Like the rules of other federal administrative agencies, this rule is compiled in the Code of Federal Regulations.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is investigating reports that Gamma Pharmaceutical Corporation is putting potentially harmful ad­di­tives in Hyacinth, a new pain-relief medication. The FDA’s demands for particular documents from Gamma must be specific and not unduly burdensome.
The functions of the Environmental Protection Agency, like those of most adminis­trative agencies, include adjudication.
Limitations on the powers of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and other administrative agencies, include a. review by courts of administrative agency actions. b. political restrictions imposed by Congress and the executive branch. c. legislation such as the Administrative Procedure Act. d. all of the above.
Answer: D
With some exceptions, every portion of every meeting of the Federal Communications Commission and other federal administrative agencies must be open to public observation under the Government-in-the-Sunshine Act.
The U.S. Social Security Administration is a federal agency. The Iowa Department of Social Services is a parallel state agency. If these agen­cies’ actions conflict the federal agency’s actions will prevail.
Mary is accused of slander. Slander includes oral defamatory statements only.
Leo hears Mona falsely accuse Nick of stealing from their employer. The statement is defamatory because a third party heard it.
Kelly is an appliance salesperson. Kelly commits fraud if, to make a sale, she represents as a fact something that she knows is untrue.
Jill invites Ken into her apartment. Ken commits trespass to land if he refuses to leave when Jill asks him to go.
Beth is injured in a car accident and sues Curt, alleging negligence. Curt claims that Beth was driving more carelessly than he was. Comparative negligence may reduce Beth’s recovery even if Beth was only slightly at fault.
Direct 2U, Inc., floods the e-mail boxes of the employees of Eagle Corporation with unsolicited ads to the extent that the employees cannot e-mail each other. Direct may have committed trespass to personal property.
Able Tool Company makes hedge trimmers. Brad is injured while using an Able trimmer and sues the company for product liability based on negli­gence. To win, Brad must show that Able did not use due care with respect to the trimmer.
Ann is shopping in Beth’s Food Store when a bottle of Carbonated Cola ex­plodes, injuring Ann. Ann files a suit against Delta Company, the bot­tler, from whom she can recover only if she can show that she was injured due to a defect in the product.
Green Country, Inc., makes landscaping tools. Green could be liable for a warning defect if there is a foreseeable risk of harm posed by a product and the omission of a warning renders the product not reasonably safe.
The brakes on a Central Railroad train engine malfunction and it rolls to­wards main­te­nance workers on the tracks. Everyone gets out of the way ex­cept Dick, who wants to show off. The train hits Dick, who sues Eagle, Inc., the brakes’ manufacturer. Eagle can raise the defense of assumption of risk.
Quality Tools Corporation (QTC) makes hammers and other tools. Rita is injured while using a QTC hammer. She sues the company for product li­ability based on negligence. To defend successfully against the suit, QTC may show that Rita’s injury resulted from a commonly known danger.