CNA Chapter 1 Terms

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acute illness a sudden illness from which a person should recover
alzheimers disease a disease that affects brain tissue; there is increasing memory loss and confusion until the person cannot tend to simple personal needs
assisted living facility provides housing, personal care, support services, health care, and activites in a home-like setting
board and care home provides rooms, meals, laundry, and supervision to a few independant residents, often in a home setting; residential care facility
case management a nursing care pattern; a case manager (an RN) coordinates a persons care from admission through discharge and into the home setting
chronic illness an ongoing illness, slow or gradual in onset; it has no cure; the illness can be controlled and complications prevented with proper treatment
deconditioning the process of becoming weak from illness or lack of exercise
functional nursing a nursing care pattern focusing on tasks and jobs; each nursing team member has certain tasks and jobs to do
hospice a health care agency or program for persons who are dying
independence not relying on or requiring care from others
interdisciplinary health care team the many health care workers whose skills and knowledge focus on the persons total care; health team
involuntary seclusion separating a person from others against his or her will; confining a person to a certain area; keeping a person away from his or her room without consent
licensed practical nurse (LPN) a nurse who has completed a 1-year nursing program and has passed a licensing test; called licensed vocational nurse (LVN) in some states
licensed vocational nurse (LVN) licensed practical nurse
medicaid a health care payment program sponsored by teh federal government and operated by the states
medicare a federal health insurance program for persons 65 years of age or older and younger people with certain disabilites
nursing assistant a person who gives basic nursing care under teh supervision of a licensed nurse; nurse aide, nursing attendant, or health care assistant
nursing center provides health careand nursing care to persons who need regular or continuous care; licensed nurses are required; nursing home or nursing facility
nursing facility (NF) nursing center or nursing home
nursing home nursing facility or nursing center
nursing team those who provide nursing care-RNs, LPNs,/LVNs, and nursing assistants
ombudsman someone who supoorts or promotes the needs and interests of another person
Omibus Budget Reconsiliation Act of 1987 (OBRA) a federal law that requires nursing centers to provide care in a manner and in a setting that maintains or improves each persons quality of life, health, and safety
primary nursing a nursing care pattern; an RN is responsible for the person's total care
registered nurse (RN) a nurse who has completed a 2-,3-,or 4-yr nursing program and has passed a licensing test
residential care facility a board and care home
skilled nursing facility (SNF) provides health care and nursing care for residents who have many or severe health problems or who need rehabilitation; may be part of a nursing center or a hospital
team nursing a nursing care pattern; a team of nursing staff is led by an RN who decides the amount and kind of care each person needs