British Art: Empire And Spectacle

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Joseph PaxtonCrystal Palace, 1850-51Built for Great Exhibition of 1851, London's World Fair.
Great Exhibition of 1851- Organized by country. Attended by 6 million people (more than entire population of Great Britain at the time). Period of mass industrial power. Growing restrictions on work. Art pushes for moral consciousness.
Encloses 18 acres of land.Built over a park. Compared to a Gothic cathedral.iron,glass, and woodSeen as a marvel of engineering.Image of tree in the Crystal Palace is the first photograph of an object taken when it was made. Photography was invented during this time.

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Joseph Wright of DerbyAn Experiment on a Bird in the Air-Pump, 1768oil/canvasPulling air out of beaker with bird in it.
Shows a stress on science.
Child crying to the right.
Interesting use of lighting.

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William HogarthThe Marriage Contract, 1745oil/canvasPainting sequence that tells the background of a young man and woman being bound into marriage by the two fathers. A man is holding the contract that the one father has to sign and keep up. Marriage at this time seen as a way to promote loyal business ties between families.Painting shows that the man and woman are not interested in each other, as they do not even face each other. Also, another man is flirting with the young girl (perhaps the object of the girl's affection).

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Oscar RejlanderThe Two Paths of Life, 1857photographPrints multiple negative photographs on top of each other.

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William Holman Hunt The Hireling Shepherd, 1852oil/canvasExample of work by Pre-Rafaelite Brotherhood Member (member of group that did not agree with academic ways of creating art. Believe that we must look before Rafael to make great art, since it's all downhill since Rafael.
an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London. It has a unique position in being an independent, privately funded institution led by eminent artists and architects whose purpose is to promote the creation, enjoyment and appreciation of the visual arts through exhibitions, education and debate.
Royal Academy of Arts
a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art.
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Term derived from the French military word meaning “before the group”, or “vanguard”. Avant-garde denotes those artists or concepts of a strikingly new, experimental, or radical nature for their time.