BIO 201 Exam

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The _____ nervous system is composed ofthe brain and spinal cord. central
The ______ nervous system controls the skeletal muscles. somatic
The part of the peripheral nervous system that carries sensory information to the CNS is designated afferent
_____ line the brain ventricles and spinal canal Ependymal cells
Ion channels that are always open are called ___channels. leak
Neurotransmitter for release is stored in synaptic ______. vesicles
The all-or-none principle states that all stimuli great enough to bring the membrane to threshold will produce identical action potentials.
Which type of synapse is most common in the nervous system? chemical
The ion that triggers the release ofacetylcholine into the synaptic cleft of aneuromUSClilar junction is calcium
The site in the neuron where EPSPs and IPSPs are integrated is the axon hillock
Summation that results from the cumulative effect of multiple synapses and multiple places on the neuron is designated spacial summation
When a second EPSP arrives at a singlesynapse before the effects of the first havedisappeared, what occurs? temporal summation
IPSPs(inhibitory post synaptic potentials) are hyperpolarizations
The efferent division of the peripheral nervous system innervates: Smooth, skeletal, heart muscle cells & glandular cells
-all the above
______channels open ordose in response to physical distortion of the membrane surface. Mechanically gated
EPSPs (excitatory postsynaptic potentials) occur when extra sodium ions enter a cell
Puffer fish poison blocks voltage-gated sodium channels like a cork. What effect would this neurotoxin have on the function of neurons? The axon would be unable to generate action potentials.
Which area of the graph occurs when there is asudden inrush of of sodium ions? 2
What structure is covered by many blood vessels and adheres tightly to the surface of the brain? pia mater
The visual cortex is located in the occipital lobe
The cranial nerve that controls a vast majority of the neural activity is the vagus
The auditory cortexis located in the temporal lobe
Absorption at the arachnoid granulations returns CSF to the venous circulation
What contains a spiderweblike network of cells and fibers through which cerebrospinal fluid flows? subarachnoid space
The brain requires a substantial blood supply. The vessels that deliverblood to the brain are the internal carotid & vertebral arteries
The ____ division of the autonomic nervous system is said to function during "rest and digest." parasympathetic
The statement "it controls the diameter of the pupil" is true for the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems
The cerebellum can be permanently damaged by stroke or temporarily affected by drugs or alcohol The resulting disturbance in motor control is known as ataxia
The auditory ossides connect the tympanic membrane to the oval window
You suspect your friend has damage to cranialnerve 1 when he is unable to smell his food
An area of the retina that contains only conesand is the site of sharpest vision is the fovea
There are three different types of cones, each one sensitive to different light energies. These cones are designated red, green, blue
The human lens focuses light on the photoreceptor cells by changing shape
The transparent portion of the fibrous tunic isthe cornea
Alter suffering a stroke, Mary finds that she cannot move her right arm. This would suggest that the stroke damage is in the area of the ______ lobe. left frontal
There are ___pairs of cranial nerves. 12
A(n) is a printed record of the brain's electrical activity over a period of time. electroencephalogram
______is a disorder affecting the ability to speak or read. Aphasia
The _____ covers most of the exposed surface of the eye. conjunctiva
Autonomic efferents conduct impulses to smooth muscles and glands
A state of unconsciousness in which an individual cannot be aroused even by strong stimuli is coma
A state of unconsciousness in which an individual can be aroused by normal stimuli is sleep
A ray of light entering the eye will encounter these structures in which order ? cornea > aqueous humor > conjunctiva > lens > vitreous body > retina > choroid
Perception of gravity and linear acceleration depends on the force exerted by otoliths on hair cells of the maculae
Movement of the endolymph in the semicircular canals signals rotational movements
Gravity and linear acceleration are sensed in the macculae of the saccule and utricle
Receptors for hearing are located in the cochlea
What structure regulates the amount of light passing to the visual receptors of the eye ? iris
The gelatinous material that give the eyeball its basic shape is the vitreous humor
Which of the follow descriptions applies to the term myopia? corrected with diverging lensnearsightednessimage focused in front of retina
All of the following are true about the lacrimal glands, except that they A) produce most of the volume of tearsB) are located in the recesses in the frontal bonesC) produce a hypertonic fluidD) produce lysosomesE) produce watery, slightly alkaline secretions
What is the main functions of the rods in the eye? vision to light
Motion sickness seems to result from mismatch between visual and vestibular inputs
Which of the following could not be seen as one that looks into the eye with an ophthalmoscope? optic chiasm
The blind spot of the eye is where the optic nerve leaves the eye
Preparing the body for "fight or flight" response in the role of the sympathetic
Which of these effectors is not directly controlled by the autonomic nervous system? skeletal muscle
REM sleep is associated with temporary skeletal muscle inhibition except for the extrinsic eye muscles
Gravity and linear acceleration are sensed in the saccule & utricle
The frequency of a perceived sound depends on which part of the cochlear duct is simulated
Which of these anatomical situations is correct? tympanum > malleus > incus > stapes > oval window > round window