Art Test Definition

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Paint in its most basic form is composed of_________ and a targeted binder. Pigment
This component of paint has traditionally been extracted from minerals, soils, vegetable matter, and animal by-products. Pigment
The binding agent in encaustic painting is_________. Beeswax
Encaustic is usually painted on this kind of support: Wood
The binding agent for tempera paint is________. Egg
Tempera lends itself to high __________ because it is usually applied with a fine brush in short, thin strokers Detail
Islamic an renaissance artists oftened used tempera in conjunction with oil and this material, which adds a rich appearance to the work. Gold leaf
This painting process relies on freshly applied lime platter to hold the pigment in place. Fresco
The earliest examples of fresco, found at the palace of knossos on the mediterranean island of _______, date to c. 1600-1500bce. Crete
There are two types of fresco. Fresco secco, which means dry fresco, and this kind, which means good fresco. buba
Diego Rivera's mural for Rockefeller Center in NY was removed because ________. It included a portrait of Vladimir Lenin,
Taking 4 years to complete, the sistine chapel ceiling was painted by this artist in sections using the boon fresco method. Michelangelo
This Flemish painter was credited during the renaissance with the invention of oil paint. Jan Van Eyck
The process called glazing in which thin layers of oil paint are applied, appear lit from within, or are said to have a high degree of ________. Huminosity
Camera Obscures is latin for _______. Dark Room
When were the first successful photographs made using a camera? early 1800's
Daguerro types are made on ______. polished metal plates
Which of the following photographers is best known for making portraits of famous people? Nadar
Where Dorothea Lange made the photograph called Migrani mother, she wanted to show: the conditions of migrant workers during the depression
Landscape photographs, such as those taken by Ansel Adams, help raise awareness about: nature's grandeur and the wilderness of americas west.
A Still Life composition shows: items arranged, often on table
Italian Baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi used that medium for her Allegory of pointing a self-partrait of the artist with a paintbrush in his hand oil paint
One of the advantages of acrylic paint is that it can be cleaned up using this liquid: water
Acrylic paint allowed artist Helen Frankenhaler to make paintings with her soak-stain process without the ________ effort that oil based paint had had. drying
This painting medium is transparent, applied to a paper surface, and has gum arabic binder. watercolor
An artist paints the US flag using the medium of watercolor, but he forgets to do the white stars. To add them to the painting , the artist just needs to use the white watercolor pigment. False
This painting technique was used by the prehistorics cave painters of Lascaux, France, and is still used by contemporary graffiti artist. spray paint
Graffiti artist like Keith Haring used art to make _______. Political statements.
In order for photojournalistic news photos to be effective they need to be seen as _________. Truthful
Philosopher Lewis Wickes Hine went undercover in the factories and mines to expose the injustices of child labor. True
___________ is considered to be the father of photojournalism Matthew Brady
What did Matthew Brady invent that allowed him to make timely photographs of the civil war dead? A moveable dark room in a carriage
In his photograph Two ways of life, Oscar Gustav Rejlander employed methods that emulated the processof _______. Painting
Loretta lux digitally manipulates such elements as __________. all of the answers
Alfred stieglitz was the first to show photography __________. In a commercial gallery
Mary Mattingly's photographs of a dystopic futuristic tribe of nomads are examples of ________. Photomontage
The visual effect created by a camera obscura can occur in any room , whether it is light or dark. false
Which of these is not an additive process of sculpting? chiseling
Michelangelo believed _________ to be the finest and most challenging of all the visual arts. Sculpting
The carving technique Michelangelo used for his sculpture Awakening slave makes the figure appear to be permanently trapped within the stone True
Michelangelo planned a grand sculpture for the tomb of pope julius II, although it was never completed. This sculpture was intended for that tomb. Moses
Why does Michelangelo's sculpture of moses appear to have horns? idk
What is one of the main reasons that the creation of the Olmec colossal heads is so impressive? They were created without metal tools
When an artist is using the subtractive method of carving in stone, it makes no difference whether or no the intended final shape extends beyond dimensions of the original stone. False
artist who model forms using soft pliable materials, such as clay or wax, sometimes employ thin kind of support when creating there work. an armature
This sculpting process involves adding a liquid or pliable material to a mold. canting
Ancient greek sculptors sometimes created cast sculptures from ____________ , an alloy of copper and tin benzen? something that looks like this on test
The name of this bronze-casting process relies on a molded original form made from a pliable material. This method is known as ________. lost-wax casting
Marble sculpture from ancient greece was often remade by roman artist because ________. The greek originals didn't fit roman ideals of beauty
Sculptures created using this method often require the movement of large amounts of soil from one location to another. Earthworks
This earthwork constructed by the prehistoric inhabitants of north america, is located in ohio. Great serpent mound
This american artist created a large earthwork titles spiral jetty in the great salt lake in utah in 1969-70. Robert Smithson
he natural world is simply the "" on which an artist .... their earthwork. false
What method of sculpture is the artist using when they assemble component parts in order to create an artwork? ends in tion
This spanish artist combined a bike seat and handlebars into a form that was reminicent of a bulls head. Pablo Picasso
A sculpture intended by the artist to move is called ________ sculpture. a kinetic
American minimalist artist Dan flasvin used ______ to create sculptures. Borescent lighting tubes
Anthony Gormley's work asian field 180,000 terracotta figurines in a large warehouse , is an example of: None of these answers are correct
When an artist is using the subtractive method of carving in stone it makes no difference whether or not the intended final shape extends beyond the dimensions of the original stone. False
Stonehenge is an example of this type of early construction method. post and lintel
Eary cultures created a type of arch by stacking stones so that they provide slightly beyond the one unknown. This is known as ________. corbeling
Roman aqueducts utilize this type of structure: corbel
What changes did abbot suger make to St. denis that ushered in the ___________ flying butters
Who is considered the father of modern american architecture: Louis sullivan
What did Le cerbusier believe houses should be? Machines for living
this is an example of international style architecture Glass pavilion
In this house for the kaufman family, falling water, frank lloyd wright designed the house to take advantage of ________. the natural site
Frank lloyd wright also designed another building we've seen. Which of these was it ? The guggenheim museum
The great hall at karnak in egypt is an example of a ________. Corbelled structure
The seagram building employs a _______ style of construction. Curtain wall
The terraces at falling water are examples of this kind of construction that was one of Frank lloyd wright's signature elements. Cantilevered reinforced concrete.
All sculptures have this characteristic in common: they exist in 3d space
Which of these materials can be used to create a sculpture? all of the answers are correct
Matthews Barney's cremaster cycle video art piece begins where? idk
Bill Viola's oceans without a shore is about _________. idk
Dorothea lange worked for the FSA making documentary pictures of the great depression.
Ansel Adams Known for very detailed landscape photographs of the american west
Sally Mann Photographed her family members in both fictional and no fictional settings
Lewis wickes hine Used photographs to expose the unsafe and inhumane working conditions in factories to the establishment of child labor laws in the US.
Sandy Skoglund makes brightly colored tableaux using elaborate scenery sculptures.
Contemporary photographer Sandy Skoghunds radioactive cats is considered __________. a narrative tableau
Sally Manns 1989 photograph the new york mothers was made ___________. In black and white
which of these is not a subtractive method of sculpting? casting
It is possible to create a sculpture using both high and bas relief. true
When a sculpture is designed to be viewed from one side, and portrudes dynamically from its background plane or is carved with deeply incised marks, this is called ________. High relief
The sculptural process in which the artist carves only in shallow depth is called _______. Bas-relief
Giambologna's rape of a sabine was cut from a single column of marble; the views can see a different ______ as he/she spirals around the sculpture. perspective
Giambologna's rape of a sabine was commissioned to show off florentine political might. True
Unlike freestanding sculpture, this type of sculpture is created to be viewed from one side only. relief
Another name for freestanding sculptures is ________. in the round