Paleoanthropology is the research-based study of human evolution. It is a subfield of anthropology, which is the investigation of human culture, society, and biology. The field entails an understanding of the similarities and differences between humans and other species in genes, body, form physiology and behavior. The evolution of humans is the metamorphic process that led to the appearance of modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates.
It’s a branch of archeology with a human focus, which seeks to understand the early development of anatomically modern humans, a process known as hominization, through the reconstruction of evolutionary kinship lines within the family homicide, working from biological evidence.