Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing intervention? A client with pneumonia presents with the following arterial blood gases: pH of 7.28, PaCO2 of 74, HCO3 of 28 mEq/L, and PO2 of 45. A. Administer a sedative B. Place client in left lateral position C. Place client in high-Fowler s position D. Assist the client to breathe into a paper bag
Place client in high-Fowler s position The client with a pH of 7.28, PaCO2 of 74, HCO3 of 28 mEq/L, and PO2 of 45 is in a state of respiratory acidosis. Placing the client in high-Fowlers position will facilitate the expansion of the lungs and help the client blow off the excess CO2. Sedatives would impede respirations. The question does not indicate which is the affected lung, so left lateral position would not be a first choice. Breathing into a paper bag will cause the PCO2 to rise higher.