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What would the nurse respond when the client's family expresses concern over the following client's behavior?

An older adult client admitted with heart failure and a sodium level of 113 mEq/L is behaving aggressively toward staff and does not recognize family members.
A. "The client may be suffering from dementia, and the hospitalization has worsened the confusion."
B. "Most older adults get confused in the hospital."
C. "The sodium level is low, and the confusion will resolve as the levels normalize."
D. "The sodium level is high and the behavior is a result of dehydration."

Asked by Ewing, Last updated: Apr 04, 2018

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1 Answer

John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Sep 12, 2016

"The sodium level is low, and the confusion will resolve as the levels normalize."
Normal serum level is 135 to 145 mEq/L. Neurological symptoms occur when sodium levels fall below 120 mEq/L. The confusion is an acute condition that will go away as the sodium levels normalize. Dementia is an irreversible condition.
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