Which client has the greatest risk of contracting infective endocarditis?
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A. A client 4 days postoperative after mitral valve replacement B. A client with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy C. A client with a history of repaired ventricular septal defect D. A client 1 day post coronary stent placement
Besides heart attacks, there are other problems that people can suffer from regarding the heart. One is called the infective endocarditis. This problem means that there is an infection within the heart usually occurring in the lining of the heart’s walls. Like any problem, the symptoms are similar to other conditions including fever and heart issues. The mitral valve is a part of the heart and it has two parts that open and close in the heart.
Sometimes, people have to have a replacement of that valve due to issues in their heart. If a patient has just had an operation for mitral valve replacement, then he or she would be at the greatest risk right after the operation for getting infective endocarditis.
A client 4 days postoperative after mitral valve replacement-rationale: having prosthetic cardiac valves places the client at high risk for infective endocarditis. hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and repaired ventricular septal defects are moderate risks for infective endocarditis. coronary stent placement isnt a risk factor for infective endocarditis.client needs category: physiological integrityclient needs subcategory: reduction of risk potentialcognitive level: analysisreference: smeltzer, s.c., et al. brunner & suddarths textbook of medical surgical-nursing, 11th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2008, p. 870.