Which electrolytes does the nurse expect to be abnormal? A client with a possible parathormone deficiency is seen in the clinic. Diagnosis of this condition includes the analysis of serum electrolytes.
A. Sodium B. Potassium C. Calcium D. Chloride E. Glucose F. Phosphorous
The correct answers are options C and F – Calcium and Phosphorous.
The parathyroid glands are four small endocrine glands that produce parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormones functions to raise blood calcium levels. The major site of action of the hormone is bone and kidneys.
It does this by breaking down the bone to release calcium, increase absorption in the gut and from the kidneys.
Parathyroid hormone is also the most important regulator of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body.
Therefore, in this client, the nurse should expect calcium levels and phosphorus to be abnormal. Sodium, potassium, chloride, and glucose will not be abnormal due to parathyroid hormone deficiency. Therefore, other options are incorrect.
The correct answers to this question are both answer choice C and answer choice F- calcium and phosphorous. The nurse should expect the electrolytes calcium and phosphorous to be abnormal in a client with a possible parathormone deficiency who is being seen in the clinic.
Parathormone controls both calcium and phosphorous so a client with a parathormone deficiency would have abnormal values. The other answer choices potassium, chloride, sodium, and glucose would not be affected by this deficiency. Electrolytes are very important and if any of them are too low or too high it can cause severe effects.
Calcium-2. phosphorous-rationale: a client with a parathormone deficiency has abnormal calcium and phosphorous values because parathormone regulates these two electrolytes. potassium, chloride, sodium, and glucose arent affected by a parathormone deficiency.client needs category: health promotion and maintenanceclient needs subcategory: nonecognitive level: analysisreference: smeltzer, s.c., et al. brunner & suddarths textbook of medical-surgical nursing, 11th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2008, p. 1470.