What is the therapeutic communication the nurse is using? In her first postpartum month, a client has developed mastitis secondary to breast-feeding. Her nurse, a mother who developed and recovered from mastitis after the birth of her third child, says, "I remember the discomfort I had and how quickly it resolved when I began getting treatment."
A. Clarification. B. Reflection. C. Restating. D. Self-disclosure.
The correct answer is option D – Self-disclosure Self-disclosure is a therapeutic communication mechanism in psychology where a health caregiver (therapist) shares their experience and their personal views to help improve the emotional and mental state of a client. In this case, we can see that the nurse is sharing her own experience with mastitis to help the client feel better about her condition.
Clarification is when the therapist asks the client questions to clarify ambiguous feelings and thoughts. Reflection is when the therapist reviews the client’s thoughts and emotions. Restating is when the therapist repeats the client’s main statement. In summary, all options listed above except option D, are incorrect.
Often times, nurses can relate to the problems of their patients. Nurses are humans too. We often think that they do not have injuries or diseases, but of course they do. Nurses may give advice on a professional level based on their experience and education because they are required to.
However, they may also give advice on a personal level because they have experienced similar situations. It is great that they do that. It is more believable. It takes some social skills to do that.
Usually, the nurses and patients must feel comfortable talking and receiving information from each other. This is known as therapeutic communication when a nurse who was a mother gives advice to a patient who recently gave birth. This type of therapeutic communication is known as self-disclosure.
Self-disclosure.-rationale: self-disclosure involves the nurse revealing personal information. using self-disclosure as a therapeutic communication technique facilitates an open and authentic relationship between the nurse and her client. clarification involves the nurse asking the client for more information. reflection involves reviewing the clients ideas. restating is the nurses repetition of the clients main message.client needs category: psychosocial integrityclient needs subcategory: nonecognitive level: comprehensionreference: craven, r.f., and hirnle, c.j. fundamentals of nursing: human health and function, 5th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2007, p. 376.