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Which instruction should the nurse include? A nurse is teaching the parents of a child with cystic fibrosis about proper nutrition.

Which instruction should the nurse include? A nurse is teaching the parents of a child with cystic fibrosis about proper nutrition.

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A. Encourage a high-calorie, high-protein diet.
B. Restrict fluids to 1,500 ml per day.
C. Limit salt intake to 2 g per day.
D. Encourage foods high in vitamin B.

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Basic Physical care (Part 2)
Asked by Caroline, Last updated: Apr 03, 2020

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3 Answers

N. Jarah

N. Jarah

Answered Mar 25, 2020

The correct answer to this question is option A – encourage a high calorie, high protein diet
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder in which the exocrine glands produce abnormally viscous mucus and chronic respiratory and digestive problems.

People with cystic fibrosis have thick secretions of pancreatic enzymes, and this blocks the duct. These enzymes are not released, food such as protein and fats are not digested. This causes a deficiency of essential minerals and vitamins (A, D, E, and K).

A child that has cystic fibrosis needs to take a sufficient amount of water and salt supplement, not limit them. The child needs food high in fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K).

 

T. Moore

Have keen interest in writing, traveller by heart.

T. Moore, Writer, MA, Washington

Answered Jan 28, 2019

Cystic fibrosis is a disorder that hurts someone’s lungs. It also affects other organs including the intestines, liver, kidneys and pancreas. The person who suffers from cystic fibrosis may have trouble breathing. Cystic fibrosis can occur in anyone including children.

There are ways to manage your cystic fibrosis because there is no known cure for the disorder. Instead, you will need to take antibiotics. They could also conduct certain procedures that allow for easier breathing in your chest. Less chest pain will occur then too.

Also, it is important for the person to stick to a strict diet. This diet would include a high-calorie and high-protein diet. Even children would need to do this. The parents would have to make sure that their children are eating the proper foods for this diet.

 

John Smith

John Smith

Answered Sep 09, 2016

Encourage a high-calorie, high-protein diet.-rationale: the child should be encouraged to eat a high-calorie, high-protein diet. in cystic fibrosis, the pancreatic enzymes (lipase, trypsin, and amylase) become so thick that they plug the ducts. in the absence of these enzymes, the duodenum cant digest fat, protein, and some sugars; therefore, the child can become malnourished. a child with cystic fibrosis needs to drink plenty of fluid and take salt supplements, especially on warm days or when exercising, to help maintain hydration and adequate sodium levels. water-soluble forms of the fat-soluble vitamins (a, d, e, and k) are essential.client needs category: physiological integrityclient needs subcategory: basic care and comfortcognitive level: applicationreference: pillitteri, a. maternal & child health nursing: care of the childbearing and childrearing family, 5th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2007, p. 1271.
 

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