The nurse should evaluate the condition of the skin where the heat needs to be applied. The prescribed length of time for the application of heat should not be exceeded. Someone who is not conscious is at risk of injury from the heating pad. That is why the skin should be thoroughly checked for irritation.
Help the patient to be comfortable, and in a position that provides easy access to the area where the heat is to be applied. Make sure the pad is not too hot for the patient, and they are not harmed on the surface area of their skin.
Client\ s level of consciousness-rationale: a client who has impaired consciousness or altered mental status is at increased risk for injury from a heating pad. when administering a heat treatment, a nurse should always check the temperature of the heating unit and examine the clients skin for redness or irritation. risk for falls, vital signs, and nutrition level are also important assessment areas, but they arent the priority assessment for a client using a heating pad.client needs category: safe, effective care environmentclient needs subcategory: safety and infection controlcognitive level: applicationreference: taylor, c., et al. fundamentals of nursing: the art and science of nursing care, 6th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2008, p. 1223.