Which of the following principles demonstrates safe body mechanics while preparing to transfer a client from a bed to a chair?
A. The nurse stands an ARM's length away from the client. B. The nurse uses a rocking motion while helping the client to stand. C. The nurse keeps her knees straight and stiff and bends at the waist. D. The nurse keeps her feet as close together as possible.
Safe body mechanics while transferring a client from a bed to a chair would include rocking back and forth while the nurse is helping the client. This is assuming that the client cannot use their legs or are unconscious. However, this is best for when you’re first picking the patient up. Most nurses, when putting a client into a chair from a bed, will park a wheelchair close to the bed - close enough that they won’t have to walk from the bed to the chair.
This prevents muscle fatigue. It also helps the nurse avoid having to walk a long distance with a client that cannot help themselves easily. Other safe mechanics would include lifting the patient with one arm under their shoulders and one under the knees, as well as making sure there is plenty for the patient to use to steady themselves.
The nurse uses a rocking motion while helping the client to stand.-rationale: rocking provides extra force when pushing or pulling. the nurse should keep any weight as close to her body as possible when lifting not at arms length. the nurse should keep her knees slightly bent and her feet spread apart to provide a wide base of support. keeping the knees straight and stiff and bending at the waist and keeping the feet close together arent examples of safe body mechanics. these positions could result in injury to the nurse or to the client.client needs category: safe, effective care environmentclient needs subcategory: safety and infection controlcognitive level: applicationreference: craven, r.f., and hirnle, c.j. fundamentals of nursing: human health and function, 5th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2007, p. 775.