Teaching the client how to deep-breathe and cough-rationale: interventions should address the etiology of the clients problem poor coughing. teaching deep breathing and coughing addresses this etiology. increasing fluids may improve the clients condition, but this intervention doesnt address poor coughing. improving airway clearance is too vague to be considered an appropriate intervention. suctioning isnt indicated unless other measures fail to clear the airway.client needs category: physiological integrityclient needs subcategory: reduction of risk potentialcognitive level: applicationreference: craven, r.f., and hirnle, c.j. fundamentals of nursing: human health and function, 5th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2007, p. 873.