Paralysis is when a part of the body has lost its function. It is usually involved in the muscles. Sometimes paralysis is just in one body part, but it could be most of the body. A person could be paralyzed from the neck down so they can’t move their arms and legs. Paralysis can happen because the victim hit his head or broke his neck.
Another way is by a stroke. A stroke may cause a victim to be paralyzed on one side of his or her body. If a nurse is treating a client, then he may be paralyzed. However, the nurse would not document it in his chart with the words “paralysis,” but instead she or he would write down “left-sided hemiplegia.”
Hemiplegia refers to paralysis of one side of the body; therefore, the nurse should document that the client has left-sided hemiplegia. monoplegia refers to paralysis of one extremity; paraplegia, to paralysis of both lower limbs; and quadriplegia, to paralysis of all four extremities and usually also the trunk.