Which concept refers to a professional nurse's role in client advocacy?
A. The nurse makes decisions for clients who can t make decisions for themselves. B. The nurse follows the basic standards of care and hospital policies and procedures for providing client care. C. The nurse promotes and protects the client s interests and rights. D. The nurse adopts a paternalistic approach to client care.
The nurse promotes and protects the client\ s interests and rights.-rationale: the nurse who understands the advocacy role promotes, protects and, thereby, advocates a clients interests and rights in an effort to make the client well. the nurse recognizes that her first duty is to protect and care for the clients health and safety. true advocacy encourages and helps clients reach decisions that express their own beliefs and values. the nurse doesnt make decisions for clients but provides care for the acutely ill client with the consent of his significant other. if the client has no significant other, a health care power of attorney or the clients living will dictates what care the nurse should provide. standards of care are the basis for providing safe, competent nursing care and set minimum criteria for proficiency on the job, enabling the nurse and others to judge the quality of care provided. paternalism violates self-determination and advocacy by acting for another. a nurse acting as a client advocate helps clients exercise their freedom of self-determination.client needs category: safe, effective care environmentclient needs subcategory: management of carecognitive level: applicationreference: craven, r.f., and hirnle, c.j. fundamentals of nursing: human health and function, 5th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2007, p. 370.