Which interventions should be part of the care plan?
A nurse is developing a care plan for a client with an injury to the frontal lobe of the brain.
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A. Keep instructions simple and brief because the client will have difficulty concentrating. B. Speak clearly and slowly because the client will have difficulty hearing. C. Assist the client with personal grooming because he ll have difficulty verbalizing his preferences. D. Orient the client to time, place, and person as needed because of memory problems. E. Assess vital signs frequently because vital bodily functions are affected.
Keep instructions simple and brief because the client will have difficulty concentrating.-2. orient the client to time, place, and person as needed because of memory problems.-rationale: damage to the frontal lobe affects personality, memory, reasoning, concentration, and motor control of speech. therefore, the nurse needs to keep instructions simple and brief and orient the client to time, place, and person as needed. damage to the temporal lobe, not the frontal lobe, causes hearing and speech problems. damage to the occipital lobe causes vision disturbances. damage to the brain stem affects vital functions.client needs category: physiological integrityclient needs subcategory: basic care and comfortcognitive level: applicationreference: smeltzer, s.c., et al. brunner & suddarths textbook of medical-surgical nursing, 11th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2008, p. 2131.