A client has suffered an extensive brain injury and can't make his own treatment choices. Which written document recognized by state law directs provision of care at a time when the client can't make his own choices?
A. Advance directive B. Living will C. Health care power of attorney D. Patient self-determination
Advance directive-rationale: a facility refers to an advance directive, a document the client writes or completes, to provide care at a time when the client cant make his own choices. the living will and health care power of attorney are both examples of advance directives. a living will is a document which a competent adult prepares and which provides direction regarding medical care if the client becomes incapacitated. health care power of attorney is an authorization enabling any competent individual to designate someone else to exercise decision-making authority on the individuals behalf under specific circumstances. the patient self-determination act of 1990 allows clients to write advance directives.client needs category: safe, effective care environmentclient needs subcategory: management of carecognitive level: knowledgereference: craven, r.f., and hirnle, c.j. fundamentals of nursing: human health and function, 5th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2007, p. 92.