Which of the following conditions has a firefighter developed if he was involved in extinguishing a house fire and is being treated for smoke inhalation and develops severe hypoxia(requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation) after 48 hours?
A. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). B. Atelectasis. C. Bronchitis. D. Pneumonia.
Simply put, hypoxia is when a part of a person’s body does not get enough oxygen for one reason or another. There are two main types of hypoxia. One is called general hypoxia because that means that the whole body has not had enough oxygen.
The second type is called local hypoxia where one region or part of the body has been deprived of oxygen. Sometimes, firefighters get hypoxia because they often go into buildings that are on fire. Sometimes, the smoke and fire can be too much and they don’t get enough oxygen.
If a firefighter has developed severe hypoxia after extinguishing a house fire, he will be required to have intubation and mechanical ventilation after 48 hours because he has developed acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a restorative condition happening in basically sick or injured patients portrayed by far reaching irritation in the lungs. ARDS isn't a specific sickness; rather, it is a clinical condition activated by different pathologies, for example, injury, pneumonia, and sepsis.
The sign of ARDS is diffuse damage to cells which shape the obstruction of the minuscule air sacs of the lungs, surfactant brokenness, initiation of the intrinsic resistant framework reaction, and brokenness of the body's direction of thickening and dying. In actuality, ARDS impairs the lungs' capacity to trade oxygen and carbon dioxide with the blood over a thin layer of the lungs' minute air sacs known as alveoli.
The syndrome is related with a death rate within 20 and half. The danger of death differs in light of seriousness, the individual's age, and the nearness of other fundamental restorative conditions.
Despite the fact that the wording of "grown-up respiratory distress syndrome" has on occasion been utilized to separate ARDS from "baby respiratory distress syndrome" in babies, the worldwide accord is that "acute respiratory distress syndrome" is the best term since ARDS can influence individuals of any age