Nurse practice act-rationale: each state legislature has enacted a nurse practice act. these statutes outline the legal scope of nursing practice within a particular state. state boards of nursing oversee the statutory law. state legislatures create boards of nursing within each state; the state legislature itself doesnt regulate the scope of nursing. facility policies govern the practice within a particular facility. nurse practice acts set educational requirements for the nurse, distinguish between nursing practice and medical practice, and define the scope of nursing practice in that state. standards of care, criteria that serve as a basis for evaluating the quality of nursing practice, are established by federal organizations, accreditation organizations, state organizations, and professional organizations.client needs category: safe, effective care environmentclient needs subcategory: management of carecognitive level: comprehensionreference: taylor, c., et al. fundamentals of nursing: the art and science of nursing care, 6th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2008, p. 123.