Which of the following is a criterion for drug-seeking behavior?
A. Consuming larger amounts of a substance than intended B. Demanding behavior when denied medications C. Persistent attempts to cut down use D. Replacing social or occupational activities for substance use E. Tolerance and escalating amount of substance for desired effect
Demanding behavior when denied medications -the answer is b, demanding behavior when denied medications.substance abuse and drug-seeking behavior are common concerns of emergency physicians when patients present recurrently to the emergency department with chronic pain complaints. the american psychiatric association defines alcohol and drug dependence as a maladaptive pattern of use associated with three or more of the following: consuming larger amounts of a substance than needed; persistent attempts to cut down use; replacing social or occupational activities for substance use; tolerance and escalating amount of substance for desired effect; spending time obtaining, using, or recovering from alcohol or drugs; and having withdrawal symptoms. although a patient with drug-seeking behavior can have all of these characteristics if he or she is dependent, the only behavior that is more specific to drug-seeking is the demanding behavior when the person is denied medications.(american psychiatric association, 197; tintinalli, 284-285)