Which of the following is a common adverse effect of this medication? - ProProfs Discuss
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Which of the following is a common adverse effect of this medication?

A 26-year-old woman and her husband have been trying to conceive a child for the past 14 months and have been unsuccessful. They visit the woman’s obstetrician/gynecologist to learn more about their options for increasing their fertility. The physician decides to prescribe a medication for the woman that induces ovulation.

1. Disturbances in color vision

2. Nasal congestion

3. Nausea and vomiting

4. Vasomotor flushes

5. Weight gain

This question is part of

USMLE full length exam prt 12 of 14
Asked by Freya, Last updated: Mar 03, 2020

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2 Answers

Vishal

Vishal , India

Answered Feb 17, 2020

Vasomotor flushes-the correct answer is the correct answer to this question.

 

John Smith

John Smith

Answered Sep 09, 2016

Vasomotor flushes-the correct answer is d. clomiphene acts by binding estrogen receptor sites in the hypothalamus and blocking the negative feedback of circulating estrogens. this results in increased follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone levels, which stimulate ovulation. it successfully treats women with anovulatory cycles but is not effective in women whose infertility is secondary to a pituitary abnormality. hot flashes are a common adverse effect caused by hypoestrogenism at the hypothalamic level due to blockade of estrogen receptors. other adverse effects of clomiphene include ovarian enlargement.answer a is incorrect. disturbances in color vision are an adverse effect of sildenafil, a muscle relaxant used to treat erectile dysfunction.answer b is incorrect. nasal congestion, orthostasis, nausea and headache may occur with cabergoline in the treatment of infertility due to hyperprolactinoma. cabergoline is an ergoline derivative with potent inhibitory effects on prolactin secretion.answer c is incorrect. nausea and vomiting are common adverse effects of estrogen therapy, not anti-estrogen therapy. estrogen therapy can be used for postmenopausal hormone therapy and hypogonadism.answer e is incorrect. weight gain and fluid retention are adverse effects of gonadotropins, which can be used to increase ovarian follicular maturation
 

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