A. When an attitude becomes stronger in group presence B. Thinking that revolves around keeping harmony within a group through not disagreeing with group opinion C. The tendency to do less in a group situation D. Improved performance when people are watching E. The loss of identity due to a group situation
Groupthink occurs when a group decides because of collective pressures which lead to the derailing of mental efficiency, reality testing and moral judgment. Groups afflicted with this way of thinking tend to take irrational actions that could damage the integrity of other groups. A group is susceptible to groupthink when its members are comparable in background, the group is insulated from outside opinions, and there is no clear rule for making decisions.
Censorship is another vehicle used in groupthink. It prevents others from speaking up and expressing how they feel about the pressures and judgments within the group, and the majority view and beliefs are assumed to be unanimous. Decisions that are cultivated by groupthink have a low probability of achieving successful outcomes.