Several things can lead to kidney stone formation. First, it is important to know that they are different kinds of kidney stones. Calcium oxalate stones, ammonium magnesium phosphate stones (struvite), uric acid stones and cysteine stones are the types of kidney stones.
Calcium oxalate stone is the most common type of kidney stone, it occurs where there is a decrease in excretion or excessive amount of calcium and oxalate in the body. Vitamin C abuse, ethylene glycol injection and crohn disease are common causes.
Struvite is caused by certain infection that cause alkalinisation of urine which lead to hydroxylation of urea to ammonium and stones are formed.
Uric acid stone is caused conditions that lead to high uric acid level in the body and cysteine stone is caused by conditions that lead to decease in reabsorption of cysteine in the kidney.
Kidney stones are the painful hard calcium deposits that form together. They can be found inside the kidneys. Sometimes, patients can pass the stones naturally, but something surgery is required. Kidney stones are not only painful, but they also cause other problems like urinating. There are different types of kidney stones with different causes. One type of stone is the calcium stone.
This calcium oxalate forms together because your body makes this element as well as is found in high amounts in certain fruits. These stones are then made when the calcium does not pass through and forms together in the kidney. Other stones include struvite, uric acid and cysteine stones. The struvite stones are caused by an infection. When you don’t get enough fluids, you may get uric acid stones.