In analogies, there are three words or phrases. They are set up so that two words are shown together either by including the words “is to” or there is a colon in its place. This means that the person needs to determine the relationship of the first word to the second word.
Then the person has a third word. He or she needs to find a word that has the same relationship to that third word as the relationship from the first set of words. For example, aircraft and transport have a relationship as a noun and its verb. This means that the plane is the noun and traffic is what it does. Therefore, what does a newspaper do? A journal publishes.