Which of the following complication is most likely? A 34-year-old female at 30 weeks gestation arrives at the ER with painful vaginal bleeding. She has had consistent prenatal care but admits to using cocaine.
A. Ectopic pregnancy B. Placenta previa C. Abruptio placentae D. Placenta accreta
Abruptio placentae-painful vaginal bleeding is most indicative of abruptio placentae, or premature detachment of the placenta. this usually happens in the third trimester. risk factors include advanced age, hypertention, smoking, and cocaine use. remember that cocaine is a potent vasoconstrictor.final bullet points: in what age group is mammography most effective? 50-60lowest stage of breast cancer with lymph node involvement? stage 2what antibody against her-2-neu is given for breast cancer? trastuzumabwhat is the incidence and death rate of breast cancer? highest incidence (30%), 2nd highest death rate (15%)what is the incidence and death rate of prostate cancer? highest incidence, 2nd highest death ratewhat is the source of hcg in the first trimester? syncytiotrophoblasts in the placentawhat is the most common cystic fibrosis mutation? delta f508most common endocrine abnormality in male? dm, second most common is hypogonadismmost common cause of breast lump? fibrocystic changes, 2nd most common is no diseasemost common cause of bloody discharge from nipple? intraductal papilloma (and piercings?)lifetime risk of breast carcinoma? ~1 in 9chromosome of brca1? 17chromosome of brca2? 13recommended age for mammography screening to begin for high risk? 30, for normal population: 40most common hpv associated with penile malignancies? hpv-16serum markers used to stage testicular cancer? ldh, beta-hcg, afpwhat hormones does the corpus luteum secrete? progesterone and estrogenmost common benign tumor of the breast? fibroadenomabest test for diagnosing testicular mass? ultrasound sharma l32 33:50most common penile carcinoma? squamous cell carcinomamost common testicular tumor in child under 3? yolk sac tumormost common prostatitis? chronic abacterialdefinition of infertility: 1 year without conception (with unprotected sex)most common form of breast cancer? infiltrating ductal carcinomapercent of pregnancies that end in spontaneous abortion? 15%most common ovarian cancer? serous cystadenocarcinomamost common benign tumor in females? leiomyomamost common place to find endometriosis? ovarieskaryotype of benign ovarian teratoma? 46,xxpost-menopausal women most likely to die from? cardiovascular diseasemost common std worldwide? chlamydia trachomatisthe only gynecological cancer with decreasing survival rates? uterine corpus cancer