A patient complains of shortness of breath even after only mild - ProProfs
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A patient complains of shortness of breath even after only mild exercise. She states that she has had this condition for 2 years but recently has noticed that it has become more pronounced. Her medical history indicates that she had rheumatic fever when she was a child. Auscultation indicates an enlarged heart. What may the physician expect to find with other diagnostic tests?



A. Mitral valve stenosis
B. Tetralogy of Fallot
C. Pulmonary artery aneurysm
D. Coronary heart disease
Asked by Marston on Sep 09, 2016

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Block 3 Circulatory system BRS

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1 Answer

John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Sep 09, 2016

Mitral valve stenosis-a person who has had rheumatic fever as a child may develop heart-valve disease later in life. although the mitral valve is the one most commonly affected, the other valves may be also be involved. the mitral valve becomes inflamed, fibrotic, eventually becoming incompetent or stenotic. this condition leads to respiratory hypertension and eventual edema, thus restricting respiratory function. the key here is a history of rheumatic fever, because those individuals are predisposed to developing heart-valve diseases.
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