What is the nurse is alert in the assessment of the client? - ProProfs
     

What is the nurse is alert in the assessment of the client?
A client has been on prolonged bed rest, and the nurse is observing for signs associated with immobility.



A. Increased blood pressure
B. Decreased heart rate
C. Increased urinary output
D. Decreased peristalsis

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1 Answer

John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Sep 09, 2016

Decreased peristalsis- immobility causes gastrointestinal disturbances such as decreased appetite and slowing of peristalsis. in the immobilized client, decreased circulating fluid volume, pooling of blood in the lower extremities, and decreased autonomic response occur. these factors result in decreased venous return, followed by a decrease in cardiac output, which is reflected by a decline in blood pressure. recumbency increases cardiac workload and results in an increased pulse rate. fluid intake can diminish with immobility, and this combined with other causes, such as fever, increases the risk for dehydration. urinary output may decline on or about the fifth or sixth day after immobilization, and the urine is often highly concentrated.

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