The first view is associated with the established financial and political interests in the country. it identifies the violent with the illegal, and condemns all challenges to the authority of the state and all assaults on the rights of property as beyond the limits of permissible politics.
2) the second view is associated with the affluent, educated, technical and professional middle class in america, together with the new, rapidly growing, future-oriented sectors of the economy, such as the communications industry, electronics, etc. they accept, even welcome, dissent, demonstration, ferment, and-within limits-attacks on property in ghetto areas. they look with favor on civil disobedience and feel at ease with extralegal tactics of social change.
3) the third view of violence is that held by working-class and lower- middle-class americans, those most often referred to as the white backlash. to this hard-pressed segment of american society, violence means street crime, ghetto riots, civil-rights marches into all- white neighborhoods, and antiwar attacks on the patriotic symbols of constituted authority with which backlash america identifies.
4)the fourth view of violence is the revolutionary counterdefinition put forward by the outclass and its sympathizers within the liberal wing of the established order. two complementary rhetorical de- vices are employed. first, the connotation of the term violence is accepted, but the application of the term is reversed: police are violent, not rioters; employers, not strikers; the american army, not the enemy. in this way, an attack is mounted on the governments claim to possess the right to rule. secondly, the denotation of the term is held constant and the connotation reversed. violence is good, not bad; legitimate, not illegitimate. . . .since the outclass of rebels has scant access to the instruments of power used by established social classes-wealth, law, police power, legislation-it naturally seeks to legitimize the riots, harassments, and street crme which are its only weapons. equally naturally, the rest of society labels such means violent and suppresses them.