Which of the following is documented by the nurse? When performing an assessment on a client, the nurse notes that the client's great toe deviates laterally from the midline, crowding the other toes and causing marked enlargement of the joint.
A. Hallux valgus B. Hammertoe C. Pes planus D. Genu varum
Hallus valgus -hallux valgus (bunion): the great toe deviates laterally from the midline, crowding the other toes. the metatarsophalangeal joint and bursa become enlarged and inflamed, causing a bunion.
hammertoe occurs when there is flexion of the proximal interphalangeal joint of a toe, while the distal metatarsophalangeal joint hyperextends. a callus or corn frequently occurs on the surface of the flexed joint from external pressure.
pes planus (flatfoot) occurs when the arch of the foot is flattened.
genu varum is the term for bowlegs.