Stress incontinence-stress incontinence, involuntary urination, occurs when intra-abdominal pressure is increased during coughing, sneezing, or straining. changes related to aging may also contribute to stress incontinence.
reflex incontinence occurs when urine is involuntarily lost in clients with spinal cord damage.
urge incontinence may be caused by consuming a significant volume of fluids over a short period of time, or it may be due to diminished bladder capacity.
functional incontinence occurs when the client is unable to reach the toilet in time because of environmental, psychosocial, or physical factors.