Tiger’s stripes aid camouflage, and makes it easier for them to hunt. Science recognizes a few different types of tiger. Two have become extinct. Though all tigers have striped coats, the different types may have distinct patterns. In fact, individual tigers have distinct stripe patterns.
The distinct types include: Bengal tiger, the most common; the Siberian tiger, which has paler colors than others; Indochinese tiger smaller and generally darker in color; Malayan tiger, only on that peninsula; Sumatran tiger, only on that island; South China tiger, more seriously endangered than other subspecies. Tigers have the size, strength and cunning to be at the top of the food chain.