Which of the following statements about environmental conditions in Russia is true?
A. The emphasis on heavy industry laid waste to vast areas. B. The Chernobyl accident was the only incidence of radioactive pollution. C. The Black Sea was unaffected by Soviet industrial development. D. The Aral Sea is larger now than it was before the Communists came to power.
The statement “The emphasis on heavy industry laid waste to vast areas.” is true about environmental conditions in Russia is true. There are numerous environmental issues in Russia. Many of the issues have been attributed to policies during the Soviet Union, a time when officials felt that pollution control was an unnecessary hindrance to economic development and industrialization.
As a result, 40% of Russia's territory began demonstrating symptoms of significant ecological stress by the 1990s, largely due to a diverse number of environmental issues, including deforestation, energy irresponsibility, pollution, and nuclear waste.