Questions 19 22 are based on the following passage.paragraph one - ProProfs
     

Questions 19-22 are based on the following passage. Paragraph one That Priestleys contributions to the knowledge of chemical fact were of the greatest importance is unquestionable; but it must be admitted that he had no comprehension of the deeper significance of his work; and, so far from 5 contributing anything to the theory of the facts which he discovered, or assisting in their rational explanation, his influence to the end of his life was warmly exerted in favor of error. From first to last, he was a stiff adherent of the phlogiston doctrine which was prevalent when his 10 studies commenced; and, by a curious irony of fate, the man who by the discovery of what he called dephlogisticated air furnished the essential datum for the true theory of combustion, of respiration, and of the composition of water, to the end of his days fought against the inevitable 15 corollaries from his own labors. Paragraph two It is a trying ordeal for any man to be compared with Black and Cavendish, and Priestley cannot be said to stand on their level. Nevertheless his achievements are truly wonderful if we consider the disadvantages under which he 20 labored. Without the careful scientific training of Black, without the leisure and appliances secured by the wealth of Cavendish, he scaled the walls of science; and trusting to mother wit to supply the place of training, and to ingenuity to create apparatus out of washing tubs, he discovered more 25 new gases (including oxygen, which he termed dephlogisticated air) than all his predecessors put together had done. Both passages adapted from: Science & Education, T H Huxley (1893)Which pairing best reflects the main emphasis of the two passages? The first focuses mainly on Priestleys ________________.



A. Discoveries of chemical fact; the second on his ingenuity
B. Discovery of “dephlogisticated air”; the second on his discoveries of gases
C. Lack of theoretical understanding; the second on his lack of training
D. Importance to future science; the second on his status in relation to his contemporaries
E. Theoretical misconceptions; the second on his success in the face of disadvantage

This question is part of

SAT Section 3 Critical Reading

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John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Sep 08, 2016

Theoretical misconceptions; the second on his success in the face of disadvantage-the main point of paragraph one is that, though priestley made important contributions to factual knowledge, he had no comprehension of the deeper significance of his work, and. in fact, spent his life defending wrong ideas. this suggests that the first part of answer c and e could be right. the main point of paragraph two is that, though priestley was not as great as some other scientists, he managed to make important discoveries that were truly wonderful if we consider the disadvantages under which he labored. this idea is most accurately conveyed in answer e.

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