The correct answer to the question is option B – Mitochondria The mitochondria are the cell structure responsible for powering the cell. This organelle is also known as the “powerhouse” of the cell. Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of the cell. The mitochondria get this power from the process known as cellular respiration. It produces the energy currency of the cell called ATP.
The mitochondrion has a double membrane; the inner part is folded inwards to form layers. The outer membrane covers the organelle, and the inner membrane folds in multiple times in layer structures known as cristae. The cristae help increase the surface area of the organelle. The fluid found in the mitochondria is known as the matrix.
The mitochondria is an organelle found within the cell of all eukaryotic organisms. The mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell, making it impossible for the cell to function without it. Mitochondria are responsible for many tasks such as cellular differentiation, signaling and maintaining control of the cell growth and cycle. The mitochondria was first discovered in plant cells in 9104 by Friedrich Meves.
The mitochondrion contains and inner and outer membrane. There are five distinct parts of a mitochondrion including the outer membrane, the intermembrane space, the inner mitochondirol membrane, the matrix, and the cristae space which is formed by the foldings of the inner membrane.