Sperm is something that many people have heard of. The male gender has sperm in them and it is used during sexual reproduction. It is a reproductive cell. There are four parts on the male sperm and they are the head, neck, midpiece and tail. The head is the main part with the nucleus. This part is in charge of going through the female egg during reproduction. The midpiece contains ATP for energy to move.
The tail is used like the tails of most objects which is to move. A chromosome contains DNA and material that applies to our heredity. In each sperm cell, there are twenty-three chromosomes. However, this depends on whether the cell is a prokaryote or a eukaryote.
A sperm cell contains 23 chromosomes, which is the same number of chromosomes contained in an egg, or ovum. When the sperm and egg combine during fertilization, they create what is called a zygote or, in layman’s terms, a fertilized egg. The zygote contains 46 chromosomes in 23 pairs; one chromosome in each pair comes from the mother, via the ovum, and one chromosome in each pair comes from the father, via the sperm.
These paired chromosomes determine many things about the developing embryo, including hair color, eye color, and gender. A man possesses both an X and a Y chromosome, which the woman possess two X chromosomes. This means that the embryo’s gender will be determined based on whether the fertilizing sperm contains an X or a Y gender chromosome.