Which of the following conditions is the most likely cause of her symptoms? A 23-year-old patient in the 27th week of pregnancy has been hospitalized on complete bed rest for 6 days. She experiences sudden shortness of breath, accompanied by chest pain.
A. Myocardial infarction due to a history of atherosclerosis B. Pulmonary embolism due to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) C. Anxiety attack due to worries about her baby s health D. Congestive heart failure due to fluid overload.
Pulmonary embolism due to deep vein thrombosis (dvt)-in a hospitalized patient on prolonged bed rest, he most likely cause of sudden onset shortness of breath and chest pain is pulmonary embolism. pregnancy and prolonged inactivity both increase the risk of clot formation in the deep veins of the legs. these clots can then break loose and travel to the lungs. myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis are unlikely in a 27-year-old woman, as is congestive heart failure due to fluid overload. there is no reason to suspect an anxiety disorder in this patient. though anxiety is a possible cause of her symptoms, the seriousness of pulmonary embolism demands that it be considered first.