Which of the following treatments can be used for lower respiratory - ProProfs Discuss
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Which of the following treatments can be used for lower respiratory tract infection?



A. Antitussives
B. Broncodialators
C. Diuretics
D. Nebulizers

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Pharamacology
Asked by Kingston, Last updated: Jul 03, 2020

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John Smith

John Smith

Answered Sep 08, 2016

Antitussives-2. broncodialators-treatment for lower respiratory disorders:expectorants- drugs that stimulate the flow of bronchial secretionsthis thins or liquefies the mucous and allows it to be coughed up easiersome are readily available otc- others require a rxmost common is guaifenesin (robitussin, mucinex, etc)higher doses of guaifenesin are available by prescriptionside effects are rarenauseavomitinggi upsetsaline solutions can be used to thin secretionscan be given by nebulizer or inhalationantitussives - medications to control coughmost effective class is opioid (codeine and hydrocodone)most frequently used otc is dextromethrophanboth of these suppress the cough center in the brain which decreases the frequency and intensity of coughdont completely stop the cough but will decrease the frequency and suppress the severe spasms that make it difficult to sleep. used for non productive cough- usually do not want to suppress a productive coughside effects include drowsiness with opioids and they are depressants so you want to avoid them in pts with severe respiratory disease. used long-term can lead to addiction but is usually fine for short term.dextromethorphan is almost as effective as codeine. doesnt cause respiratory depression or addiction. it is usually the drug of choice in children and side effects are rare.diphenhydramine (benadryl) - is an anticholinergic agent with antihistamine and antitussive propertiesit causes significant drowsiness in many peopleshould be avoided in pts with glaucoma or prostatic hyperplasia. we talked about anticholinergic agents last week in lecture. not only can benadryl make you drowsy it can dry up mucus which makes it thicker if the pt isnt well hydrated. also should be used with caution with other cns depressants such as alcohol and antidepressantsside effectsdrowsiness (benadryl)constipation (codeine)more antitussive drugs: benzonatate (tessalon) doesnt act on the cough centerit has an anesthetic-like effect on the stretch receptors in the lungthis interrupts the cough messagecant be chewed or the throat and tongue will be numbside effects:benzonatate (tessalon) doesnt act on the cough centerit has an anesthetic-like effect on the stretch receptors in the lungthis interrupts the cough messagecant be chewed or the throat and tongue will be numbside effects: very few and uncommonnauseavomiting gi discomfortnumbness of the throat and tongue if chewedmucolytic agentsbronchodilatorsantiinflammatory agents
 

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