Betty friedan.-the feminine mystique, published in 1963, was written by betty friedan. bell hooks (actually she preferred that her name be presented in lower case) is a black scholar and feminist writer. her first full-length book, aint i a woman: black women and feminism was published in 1981. she has been a member of the faculties of yale university, oberlin college, and ccny. feminist and scholar patricia hill collins is the author or numerous feminist books and articles, including black feminist thought: knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. feminist author and lecturer gloria steinem helped establish the national womens political caucus in 1971 and the coalition of labor union women in 1972. she also became the founding editor of ms magazine in 1972. among her published books are outrageous acts and everyday rebellions, and moving beyond words.