Which statement best explains the scientific rationale for Kussmauls respirations in the client diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)?
A. The kidneys produce excess urine and the lungs try to compensate. B. The respirations increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream. C. The lungs speed up to release carbon dioxide and increase the pH. D. The shallow and slow respirations will increase the HCO3 in the serum.
The lungs speed up to release carbon dioxide and increase the ph.-a. (incorrect) kussmauls respirations are the lungs attempt to maintain the narrow range of ph that is compatible with human life. the respiratory system reacts rapidly to changes in ph.b. (incorrect) respiration is the act of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide. kussmauls respirations are rapid and deep and allow the client to exhale carbon dioxide.c. (correct) the lungs attempt to increase the blood ph level by blowing off the carbon dioxide (carbonic acid).d. (incorrect) hco3 (sodium bicarbonate) is an alkaline (base) substance that is a metabolic buffer system, not a respiratory system buffer. the excretion and retention of sodium bicarbonate is regulated by the kidneys; therefore, it is a metabolic buffer system. the excretion and retention of carbon dioxide (co2) are regulated by the lungs and therefore is a respiratory buffer system.test-taking hint: homeostasis is a delicate balance between acids and bases. the test taker can discard option a by realizing that production of urine does not affect the respirations.