What did participants of the Milgram experiment believe the - ProProfs
     

What did participants of the Milgram experiment believe the experiment was about?



A. Obedience to an authority figure.
B. The effect of punishment on learning.
C. The effect of punishment on obedience.
D. Nothing. They were not told anything about the experiment's aims.

This question is part of Psychology Quiz (Milgrams Study)

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3 Answers

M. Krasinski

M. Krasinski, Content Writer, Columbus

Answered on Jul 25, 2018

IN MILGRAM'S experiment, participants believed they were engaged in a learning experiment. Assigned the role of 'teacher' they were told to administer an electric shock every time the 'learner' (a colleague of the experimenter, but passed off as a volunteer) got an item wrong in paired memory recall.

The real focus of the experiment was to see how far people were willing to go against their conscience in administering pain. Conscience was set against 'obedience' to the increasingly severe demands of the experimenter. Over 60% complied with the most extreme level of punishment although, of course, there was no electric shock.

The reason for the experiment was to explore Nazi criminals' claims that they were only acting on orders when engaging in horrific torture. Milgram's experiment helped to show that this could be true. We are programmed to be obedient to authority figures.

R. Glover

R. Glover, Editor, New York City

Answered on Jul 23, 2018

IN MILGRAM'S experiment, participants believed they were engaged in a learning experiment. Assigned the role of 'teacher' they were told to administer an electric shock every time the 'learner' (a colleague of the experimenter, but passed off as a volunteer) got an item wrong in paired memory recall. The real focus of the experiment was to see how far people were willing to go against their conscience in administering pain. Conscience was set against 'obedience' to the increasingly severe demands of the experimenter.

Over 60% complied with the most extreme level of punishment although, of course, there was no electric shock. The reason for the experiment was to explore Nazi criminals' claims that they were only acting on orders when engaging in horrific torture. Milgram's experiment helped ato show that this could be true. We are programmed to be obedient to authority figures.

John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Jun 02, 2017

The effect of punishment on learning.

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