What type of thinking is it? A recent study published in The Chronicle of Higher Education stated that 54% of students attending private schools (like FIDM) finish and get their degrees, while only 21% do so at community colleges. Great news, right?¬†Some critics pointed out that the study did not allow for students who attend community college and transfer to four-year colleges.
A. Genetic fallacy B. Straw man C. Red herring D. Questionable use of statistics E. Tautology
The correct answer to this question is D, Questionable use of statistics. Fallacies are arguments that base themselves on unsound logic. Questionable use of statistics is one of those fallacies. It goes by many other names including lying with statistics, misunderstanding the nature of statistics, and statistical fallacy. It involves presenting biased statistical data.
Questionable use of statistics also involves interpreting the data without any questions about the way the information is collected and submitted. One example is when news networks do political polls, but they don't poll an array of voters from all parties. Instead, they will only vote Republicans or only poll Democrats, which is biased.