An older adult client admitted with heart failure and a sodium level - ProProfs Discuss
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An older adult client admitted with heart failure and a sodium level of 113 mEq/L is behaving aggressively toward staff and does not recognize family members. When the family expresses concern about the clients behavior, the nurse would respond most appropriately by stating



A. \The client may be suffering from dementia, and the hospitalization has worsened the confusion.\
B. \Most older adults get confused in the hospital.\
C. \The sodium level is low, and the confusion will resolve as the levels normalize.\
D. \The sodium level is high and the behavior is a result of dehydration.\

This question is part of Fluids and Electrolytes NCLEX practice questions
Asked by Wyatt Williams, Last updated: Dec 05, 2017

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1 Answer

John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Mar 17, 2017

"The sodium level is low, and the confusion will resolve as the levels normalize."

Normal serum level is 135 to 145 mEq/L. Neurological symptoms occur when sodium levels fall below 120 mEq/L. The confusion is an acute condition that will go away as the sodium levels normalize. Dementia is an irreversible condition.
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