Which of the following statements is NOT consistent with the evolutionary perspective?
A. What we are biologically predisposed to do is what we inevitably will do. B. Physical characteristics are subject to selection pressures. C. Behavioral propensities are subject to selection pressures. D. People share many practices and institutions with animals, especially higher primates.
Predispositions of all kinds are the subject matter of evolutionary psychology. Modern thought, post 1980s, uses Darwin's theory of natural selection. Physical features can be shaped by environmental circumstances and the central nervous system of a species can be determined by the environmental needs of that species, e.g. fast running or echo locution.
Domain specific mechanisms characterise different species according to their repetoire of behaviours. Modern evolutionary psychology is actually a sythesis of developments within other disciplines: ethology, evolutionary biology, social psychology, anthropology.
There is a theory called evolutionary psychology. You find it in social and natural sciences. Its purpose is to identify which of our human psychological traits evolve. These evolutionary psychologists believe that behaviors occur universally. And these behaviors or traits can be adapted. Physical characteristics are subject to selection pressures.
Behavioral propensities are subject to selection pressures according to this theory and people share many practices and institutions with animals, especially higher primates. The theory could also apply to economics, environment, management, literature, and many other fields. Those that question this state that there is no method to of testability. Those who oppose this theory believe that the evolutionary psychologists are trying to integrate this into the natural sciences such as biology. Whether or not this theory will hold up is the question. Only time will tell.