Which of the following does not set the valid reason to run in the election? Despite lack of success at winning most offices, minor parties do have an impact on American politics.
A. They bring new issues to the political agenda. B. They serve as a safety valve for the expression of protest with those dissatisfied with the two major parties. C. They can determine the outcome of a particular election by \spoiler effect\. D. All of the above E. None of the above