The correct answer to this question is D. Confucianism was propagated by Confucius between the 5th and 6th Centuries BC, and it has survived for the past two millennia. Although it originated in China, its influence spread to Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. Confucianism is not considered a religion but rather a way of life rooted in tradition.
According to Confucius, the key element to organizing a society is that individuals know and do what is expected of them. Humans are not adversaries but rather have a contractual relationship. If you break that contract, punishment is a way to maintain the order in society.