A. To stop the flow of supplies from West Germany to West Berlin. B. To prevent food from entering Poland. C. To prevent the smuggling of ARMS to anti-Soviet forces D. To prevent East Germans from defecting to West Germany
The Berlin Wall was built in Germany in 1961 and was finally taken down in 1989. It was a concrete wall that divided East from West Germany. Many guards and posts were there to stop people from trying to cross the Berlin Wall. At one point, East Germany was considered communist and West German was considered democratic.
So prior to 1961, many Easterners from East Germany would move to West Germany in order to live in a government that allowed its citizens to make decisions. On August 13, 1961, the entire wall was built over that one night. The East German government did not want people from their side to move over to West Germany. Some people would risk their lives during these 28 years to get to West Germany.