Both Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud contributed significantly when it comes to psychoanalytical psychology. However, the reason why we are comparing these great men is due to the fact that both didn't agree on some of their theories. Sigmund Freud researched more on the unconscious mind in relation to certain human drives, disturbing memories, suppressed thoughts, etc. In one of the findings, he contended that the human psyche could be divided into three i.e., the id, the ego, and the superego.
Although Carl Jung agreed with Freud by emphasizing more on the unconscious mind, he further placed more emphasis on people's past experiences and their aspirations. Unlike Sigmund Freud that advocated that religion shouldn't be part of psychology and the empirical nature of research, Carl Jung contended that the roles of religion in relation to the development of an individual could not be underrated. Unlike Jung, that emphasized more on the face to face interaction, Sigmund Freud believed that his patients would find it easy sharing their thoughts when they lie down and face a different direction.
Freud is the father of modern psychology. He introduced so many different theories into contemporary society. Freud is credited for coming up with “the iceberg theory.” This theory states that the human mind is composed of three parts. These include conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. Freud was most interested in the importance of the unconscious mind.
He studied about its propensity to dream. He was also passionate about dream analysis. He believed that dreams are a representation of the unconscious mind, which is sexual by nature. Repressed emotions come out during the dream sequence of the person. Carl Jung is the originator of analytical psychology. His thought process was that a clear distinction could be seen between the interpretation of the mind and the psyche. Jung thought that the human psyche is made up of three components. These include the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious.