Guilt and conviction are associated with error or sin. Guilt can be interpreted as the feeling of having done something wrong for which you must atone. Conviction, on the other hand, is the revelation of sin or evil deeds. This blame requires more atonement than guilt. Guilt is a more emotional feeling that occurs when someone feels shame about what he or she has done.
Conviction involves someone concluding that something needs to change. It is an opportunity for the person to regain their true self; however, sitting too long on unresolved guilt can lead to self-condemnation, rather than conviction.